According to King A.R former graduate student in the horticulture department in Texas A&M University and contributor for Texas A&M AgriLife Extension, from the gardening perspective, the cold months of the year can seem to be relatively mundane. With the hustle and bustle of the holiday season, garden activities seem less numerous and important. These cold months have been reserved for planting bulbs, soil preparation, and a few other garden chores. This year, why not think about taking advantage of this time to plant some trees. When you plant a container-grown tree, there is often transplant stress as the tree acclimates to a different environment. Some species react more negatively than others to this change, but almost all trees suffer aesthetically and stop growth. Winter is a wonderful time to plant trees and shrubs because cooler temperatures, though not ideal for growth, provide a much-needed time for root development and acclimation for the new tree, thus reducing transplant stress. Winter is also often a time of ample rainfall, resulting in even less tree stress. Local nurseries have a good selection of trees during winter. When deciding which tree(s) to plant, you should take into account the characteristics of the proposed planting site, such as the amount of sun the site receives, the soil drainage, and the amount of room the tree will have to spread. Ask local nursery professionals about trees that are particularly well adapted for your area. Here are a few safe options when looking for trees that thrive in Texas:
Consider these large trees:
- Baldcypress provides a glimpse of the South, with its picturesque pyramidal shape and fine foliage. Contrary to popular belief it will only grow knees (plant structures that pop out of the soil around the plant) if it is not receiving enough oxygen in the soil, such as in very wet conditions.
- Live Oak has a beautifully-rounded habit, and is well-adapted to most of Texas which makes it a natural for planting in landscapes.
- Shumard Oak is a wonderful species of Oak for our area, and it is one of the most dependable Oaks for red fall color in Texas.
For more confined spaces, consider some very attractive small trees:
- Crape Myrtles come in almost all colors and sizes, so it is a great choice for a number of different uses.
- Chinese Fringe Tree, although more rare, is a good small tree that puts on a spectacular show of refined, white flowers for two weeks in the spring. During the rest of the year, it has deep, dark, glossy green foliage and a nice shape that will certainly enhance any landscape.
- Redbud is also a wonderful choice for Texas plantings. It is typical in the fact that it has pink blooms in early spring, but it differs from other Redbuds by its beautiful dark purple or even maroon foliage. This deep, lush foliage makes for an interesting specimen and along with its eclectic seed pods provides interest throughout the year.
Winter buying and planting of trees also lends itself to another use:. Even if the people you are buying for do not garden, you could plant the tree for them and provide enjoyment and added character to the landscape. As I prepare this article, the Hopkins County Master Gardeners had planted a Royal Empress Tree (Paulowinia Elongata) at the Regional Civic Center in memory of Robert “Bob” Suson, former Hopkins County Master Gardener president and Hopkins County Master Gardener who recently pass away By planting a tree, Bob Suson will be remembered in a very special way. So, brave the cool weather and plant some trees. Come spring, you willl be glad you did!