As planting time for fall vegetables begins, it’s important to know that a fall vegetable garden will need to be managed somewhat differently than a spring garden. The good news is, a well-prepared garden can ensure a bountiful harvest now that the time is here.
Sunlight for fall vegetables
Most important is planning for adequate sunlight. Vegetable garden spaces should receive at least six hours of direct sunlight, unobstructed by shadows from taller objects nearby.
Roots and fruits should be planted in areas that receive the most sunlight. If you have to push something a little more into the shade, do it with your leafy greens, as they can tolerate a little less sunlight.
Soil is key
Soil quality is the second determining factor in a strong vegetable garden.
One of the easiest ways to build healthier soil is by amending it with compost, which is comprised of organic matter that has decomposed into a soil-like substance.
A soil test is a valuable resource for understanding the precise composition of your soil.
Organic matter is necessary in the soil for a garden to thrive. Compost helps sandy soils keep more water, and it helps clay soils drain better among other benefits.
If drainage is poor, raised planting beds can help plants to thrive even during periods of excessive rainfall. Texans who wish to know more about their soil composition can order a soil test from AgriLife Extension.
Choose the right vegetables for fall
Fall gardeners can set the stage for a bountiful harvest by selecting the best plants for their regions.
Here in Texas our fall season can be short between the blazing heat of summer and first frost of winter. So, we want plants that harvest quickly, and you want to select crops that are well-adapted to this area.
Tips for a successful fall harvest
- Plan for adequate sunlight.
- Give roots and fruits the most sun.
- Consider moving leafy greens into slightly shadier garden areas.
- Amend your soil with compost.
- Choose regionally native or adapted plants.
- Visit your county extension office for more help.
- Check out the online Fall Vegetable Gardening Guide.